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How To Prepare For Mulching

Mulching often seems like a simple task. Most people think that all they need to do is get the shovel or open the bag, spread it around and that is it. If you fail to take the time to mulch properly, you can easily get frustrated due to numerous weeds and lifeless plants. The mulch can also lose its luster and needs replacement more than once annually.

mulch-1Preparing your landscape before mulching not only makes it beautiful but it also aids with weeds, improves the soil moisture, aeration and temperature. It also protects the bases of your trees and can even prevent some diseases that can affect your plants. Here are some steps you can follow when preparing to mulch your beds.

  • Cut the Landscape Bed

When you cut the landscape bed, the mulch does not spread quickly to the grass. As a result, it looks beautiful, not messy and does not make the soil spread or become loose from the bed. You can use a shovel with flat edges for this task and just cut down roughly six inches around the edge of your area.

  • Weed

Although it may not be your favorite task, it is essential to weed the whole area you want to mulch. Mulching prevents weeds from developing as it blocks sunlight. However, mature weeds can still ram through the mulch with no exposure to the sunlight. Ensure you clear the area of weeds and do so by pulling them out by the roots.

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  • Cover or Spray

To ensure that there will be no weeds in the future put the landscape fabric on the area you want to mulch. The fabric is simple to use, and it takes a short period to lay out and cut. An alternative technique can be to spray the area with weed control but ensure you read the directions well so that you do not contaminate the plants and flowers you already have.

  • Determine the Amount of Mulch

You can do calculations using the mulch calculators to know how thick the mulch ought to be and, in turn, know the amount to buy.

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  • Know Your Mulch

It is essential to know the basics of mulches before you start using them. Figure out which mulch suits your landscaping needs best. Learn more about the types of mulches at Open Permaculture School and Regenerative Leadership Institute online.

  • Spread Your Mulch

Whether you bought the mulch in bags or made it yourself, you now need to spread the bags in the area where you want to mulch. You can use a rake or hands to spread the mulch evenly and enjoy your landscaping.

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The Pros and Cons of Permaculture Versus Conventional Food Production

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Permaculture should be considered as a sustainable food production system – a completely new way to plan ‘food production’ . Cuba is a good example of where they use permaculture to produce food in a low carbon manner with almost no input nor transport and heavy equipments, as we advice on Regenerative Leadership Institute Permaculture. Employment was created , and the principle of working with nature was  applied by rehabilitating and using the many environmental service. As a result, Cubans produced healthy food that had no external costs. The documentary the power of community : How cuba survived peak oil , was shown to give a background on how cuba addressed its socio-economics challenges and agriculture in general, after the withdrawal of oil and aid from the soviet union . To achieve sustainable economic development , it is vital to work with the community and work with the environment instead of fighting with the forces of nature.

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The early adoption of low carbon growth path can create competitive advantages of countries taking cognisance of the effect of climate change and environmental pollution . Hence the need for a low carbon vision in SA is needed to inform a revised climate change white paper . The white paper on climate change presents the south African governments vision for an effective climate change response.

The two main objectives of white paper are :

  • To effectively manage inevitable climate change impacts through interventions that build and sustains SA’s social , economic and environmental resilience and emergency response capacity
  • To make fair contribution to the global effort to destabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in a atmosphere at a level that avoids dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system  within a time frame that enables economic ,social and environmental development to proceed in a sustainable manner .

Although it is widely agreed that a low carbon vision should inform decisions within the agriculture sector , it has been argued that due to lack of information and clear articulation of this low carbon vision to farmers and most government departments , the dream of low carbon agriculture forever remains just a wish .Low carbon farming not only supports sustainable farming , but recognizes the small scale labour intensive agriculture techniques and model could reserve the present decrease in agricultural job, contribute to empowerment , promote food security , conserve soil quality and, structure and contribute to biodiversity. Developing sustainable agriculture is a necessary part of creating a sustainable society .

The vision of new sustainable development paradigm should involve and secure buy-in of all relevant local stakeholders recognize and deal with current threats. And articulate an alternative development path. Government’s new climate change response white paper does not adequately confront the need for a low carbon agricultural sector. Agricultural development strategies should promote the localization of food production, recognize the negative environmental impacts of monoculture, develop conservation agriculture and permaculture production, require responsible producers to be accountable to local customers, ban genetically modified organism’s that kill biodiversity and producer resilience and last but not least secure land for small scale agriculture.

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