It is no secret that staunch environmentalists love talking about compost and its various benefits to the environment. Take a look at these reasons why composting is a significant factor for sustainability.

  • Helps Landfills

Using compost keeps the vegetable materials out of landfills. Composting not only keeps landfills from rashly filling up but it also reduces the pollution they create. Plant matter does not decay well when put in landfills as the numerous layers burying the vegetable matter builds an anaerobic environment. Such an environment leads to the production of methane, a gas more powerful than carbon dioxide, during the decay process. Composting, therefore, reduces the contribution of landfills to the climate change.

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  • Feeds the Soil

When you compost food waste and use it in gardens and fields, you return the nutrients to the soil bank that gives food to us.

  • Improves the Soil

Compost benefits the soil is many ways. It aids in loosening the compaction of heavy soils and also helps sandy soils in trapping and holding water. When you mix compost with soil, it acts like a sponge and holds water where the roots mostly need it. In doing so, it lessens the amount of irrigation a crop requires. Additionally composting puts in nutrients and encourages the growth of useful microorganisms, earthworms and insects. Compost makes significant contributions to the health of the soil and enhances the chance of plant success.

  • Minimizes Chemicals

When you spread compost on the crop, you reduce the necessity for any other chemical fertilizers. Compost offers the basic nutrients that chemical fertilizers supply. It has an added advantage in that it has a wide assortment of trace minerals and other nutrients that chemical fertilizers do not have.  Little or no use of chemical fertilizers lessens any environmental problems that arise from their use such as water pollution. Nitrogen from the chemical fertilizers also leads to algae blooms in oceans and lakes and hence alters the coastal ecosystem. The fertilizers also percolate into the underground water and contaminate the drinking water wells.

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  • Composting Reduces Dependence on Fossil Fuels

Home compost is superior other composting commercial methods.  These methods use machinery that relies on oil and sped-up methods of oxidizing organic matter at high heat so that it breaks down fast. There is no fungal decomposition involved in the process. As a result, the machinery causes harm to the environment due to the fumes they emit. Although composting is slow, you are sure that the fungi and bacteria break down all the materials.

You can learn more about the environmental benefits of compost at the Open Permaculture School and or to visit Regenerative Leadership Institute.

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